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Cotton Subsidies** in the United States totaled $32.9 billion from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $211,636,988
1996 $807,484,252
1997 $744,710,475
1998 $1,317,974,839
1999 $1,944,900,027
2000 $2,067,504,066
2001 $3,332,602,474
2002 $1,950,393,714
2003 $2,550,958,586
2004 $2,229,214,063
2005 $3,696,295,927
2006 $2,979,753,309
2007 $2,541,484,197
2008 $1,582,403,328
2009 ** $2,213,782,337
2010 ** $828,339,995
2011 ** $1,311,673,254
2012 ** $560,924,418

1995-2010**$35,174,096,310
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Cotton Programs

Programs included in cotton subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Counter Cyclical Payment - Cotton$7,412,639,254
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Cotton$4,892,694,935
Commodity Certificates - Coop Cotton$4,831,922,174
Production Flexibility - Upland Cotton$4,031,013,323
Direct Payment - Upland Cotton$3,823,191,503
Loan Deficiency - Upland Cotton$2,565,054,137
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Cotton $990,386,806
Market Loss Assistance - Upland Cotton$2,064,677,514
Commodity Certificates - Cotton$1,433,058,129
Market Gains Warehouse - Upland Cotton$369,941,231
Advance Deficiency - Upland Cotton$97,791,215
Storage Forgiven - Upland Cotton$38,846,193
Mkt. Loss Asst. Refund - Upland Cotton$-3,709
Direct Payment Violation - Upland Cotton$-11,464
Advance Deficiency - Els Cotton$-40,983
Loan Def. Refund - Upland Cotton$-62,071
Denied Market Gain - Upland Cotton$-117,321
Prod. Flex. Refund - Upland Cotton$-308,154
Loan Def. Refund - Cotton$-394,720
Loan Def. Refund - Cotton$-536,980
Deficiency - Elscotton$-3,837,459
Deficiency - Upcotton$-176,443,306
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.