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Oat Subsidies** in the United States totaled $278 million from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $10,566,154
1996 $10,865,605
1997 $11,010,267
1998 $31,757,313
1999 $48,149,183
2000 $60,515,876
2001 $22,004,546
2002 $10,137,934
2003 $7,833,478
2004 $9,390,159
2005 $7,153,447
2006 $6,627,620
2007 $7,742,260
2008 $8,683,848
2009 ** $8,191,716
2010 ** $6,582,996
2011 ** $5,986,797
2012 ** $5,192,445

1995-2010**$289,226,160
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Oat Programs

Programs included in oat subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Loan Deficiency - Oats$99,908,175
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Oats$66,971,904
Production Flexibility - Oats$49,696,250
Market Loss Assistance - Oats$27,649,528
Direct Payment - Oats$18,663,397
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Oat $4,847,719
Advance Deficiency - Oats$3,048,202
Deficiency - Oats$2,651,505
LDP-like Grazing Payments - Oats$1,476,279
Market Gains Farm - Oats$1,151,538
Commodity Certificates - Oats$28,003
Market Gains Warehouse - Oats$16,701
Counter Cyclical Payment - Oats$7,956
Farm Storage - Oats$243
Direct Payment Violation - Oats$-109
Mkt. Loss Asst. Refund - Oats$-221
Prod. Flex. Refund - Oats$-13,476
Loan Def. Refund - Oats$-18,649
Loan Def. Refund - Oats$-23,461
Loan Def. Refund - Oats$-129,836
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.