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Wheat Subsidies** in the United States totaled $35.5 billion from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $721,139,349
1996 $1,826,811,565
1997 $1,562,559,306
1998 $2,890,219,302
1999 $3,910,306,384
2000 $3,826,010,280
2001 $2,722,715,464
2002 $1,222,322,523
2003 $1,684,147,926
2004 $1,540,924,302
2005 $1,461,278,290
2006 $1,464,803,821
2007 $1,618,339,733
2008 $2,045,696,617
2009 ** $2,127,034,045
2010 ** $1,731,633,184
2011 ** $2,039,556,843
2012 ** $1,109,821,903

1995-2010**$39,384,241,631
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Wheat Programs

Programs included in wheat subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Production Flexibility - Wheat$9,632,996,568
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Wheat$8,249,371,724
Direct Payment - Wheat$6,975,985,473
Market Loss Assistance - Wheat$4,855,451,427
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Wheat $1,839,363,949
Loan Deficiency - Wheat$2,662,245,016
Advance Deficiency - Wheat$604,649,083
Market Gains Farm - Wheat$119,365,663
Market Gains Warehouse - Wheat$56,496,019
Karnal Bunt - Compensation$35,448,878
Hard Winter Wheat Incentive Payment$17,321,674
Commodity Certificates - Wheat$15,662,317
LDP-like Grazing Payments - Wheat$9,779,376
Durum Wheat Quality Program$2,800,435
Karnal Bunt - Eradication$1,020,420
Counter Cyclical Payment - Wheat$551,042
Deficiency - Winter Wheat$-1,317
Mkt. Loss Asst. Refund - Wheat$-25,134
Direct Payment Violation - Wheat$-51,687
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-62,709
Farm Storage - Wheat$-139,788
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-362,181
Prod. Flex. Refund - Wheat$-869,424
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-3,864,477
Deficiency - Wheat$-501,203,785
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.