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Wheat Subsidies** in South Dakota totaled $1.7 billion from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $37,658,314
1996 $84,028,786
1997 $71,507,476
1998 $124,828,713
1999 $171,070,294
2000 $181,366,339
2001 $117,936,295
2002 $58,322,978
2003 $66,039,956
2004 $76,999,818
2005 $70,682,431
2006 $72,819,857
2007 $87,231,051
2008 $126,602,120
2009 ** $112,364,596
2010 ** $78,621,298
2011 ** $110,803,497
2012 ** $61,899,381

1995-2010**$1,879,397,540
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Wheat Programs

Programs included in wheat subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Wheat$610,844,545
Production Flexibility - Wheat$404,464,734
Direct Payment - Wheat$261,243,095
Market Loss Assistance - Wheat$208,496,521
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Wheat $57,807,992
Loan Deficiency - Wheat$110,238,185
Advance Deficiency - Wheat$26,646,109
Market Gains Farm - Wheat$11,796,291
Commodity Certificates - Wheat$3,479,555
Market Gains Warehouse - Wheat$1,537,094
Counter Cyclical Payment - Wheat$43,192
Hard Winter Wheat Incentive Payment$42,528
Durum Wheat Quality Program$5,904
LDP-like Grazing Payments - Wheat$429
Mkt. Loss Asst. Refund - Wheat$-467
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-6,911
Prod. Flex. Refund - Wheat$-22,671
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-25,674
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-239,120
Deficiency - Wheat$-14,316,343
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.