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Cotton Subsidies** in Texas totaled $10.8 billion from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $85,485,616
1996 $265,962,445
1997 $249,882,927
1998 $412,821,229
1999 $627,909,095
2000 $602,002,011
2001 $844,687,106
2002 $622,849,631
2003 $807,046,485
2004 $685,124,247
2005 $1,189,801,073
2006 $989,037,573
2007 $821,796,654
2008 $533,613,598
2009 ** $743,903,422
2010 ** $352,598,990
2011 ** $639,969,211
2012 ** $356,259,697

1995-2010**$11,797,062,647
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Cotton Programs

Programs included in cotton subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Cotton$2,684,997,847
Counter Cyclical Payment - Cotton$2,175,385,110
Commodity Certificates - Coop Cotton$1,497,709,766
Production Flexibility - Upland Cotton$1,210,447,871
Direct Payment - Upland Cotton$1,099,107,490
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Cotton $326,342,427
Loan Deficiency - Upland Cotton$774,086,598
Market Loss Assistance - Upland Cotton$622,545,463
Commodity Certificates - Cotton$247,038,921
Market Gains Warehouse - Upland Cotton$38,153,029
Advance Deficiency - Upland Cotton$30,392,396
Storage Forgiven - Upland Cotton$10,460,436
Direct Payment Violation - Upland Cotton$-6,790
Advance Deficiency - Els Cotton$-22,229
Loan Def. Refund - Cotton$-49,171
Loan Def. Refund - Cotton$-62,353
Denied Market Gain - Upland Cotton$-114,533
Prod. Flex. Refund - Upland Cotton$-178,095
Deficiency - Elscotton$-951,031
Deficiency - Upcotton$-52,001,772
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.