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Wheat Subsidies** in Texas totaled $2.5 billion from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $51,914,955
1996 $124,916,129
1997 $99,643,608
1998 $168,895,075
1999 $233,546,587
2000 $211,079,400
2001 $168,583,968
2002 $89,852,206
2003 $119,274,442
2004 $100,547,694
2005 $93,872,907
2006 $98,339,512
2007 $116,663,111
2008 $137,188,499
2009 ** $197,806,737
2010 ** $145,505,534
2011 ** $151,617,065
2012 ** $144,529,701

1995-2010**$2,725,872,420
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Wheat Programs

Programs included in wheat subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Wheat$851,371,533
Production Flexibility - Wheat$582,225,324
Direct Payment - Wheat$412,265,701
Market Loss Assistance - Wheat$290,864,097
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Wheat $120,478,225
Loan Deficiency - Wheat$101,339,398
Advance Deficiency - Wheat$34,543,927
Karnal Bunt - Compensation$6,719,493
LDP-like Grazing Payments - Wheat$4,508,017
Market Gains Warehouse - Wheat$1,433,299
Market Gains Farm - Wheat$664,181
Hard Winter Wheat Incentive Payment$341,986
Commodity Certificates - Wheat$305,615
Counter Cyclical Payment - Wheat$46,694
Direct Payment Violation - Wheat$-968
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-1,418
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-5,815
Prod. Flex. Refund - Wheat$-19,527
Deficiency - Wheat$-15,274,133
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.