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Wheat Subsidies** in Washington totaled $1.6 billion from 1995-2012.

Year   Subsidy Amount
1995 $36,045,946
1996 $85,483,725
1997 $78,479,503
1998 $192,777,536
1999 $172,574,253
2000 $219,346,151
2001 $128,780,761
2002 $52,143,619
2003 $82,220,798
2004 $69,368,672
2005 $67,857,164
2006 $63,361,455
2007 $67,713,053
2008 $73,521,756
2009 ** $66,636,044
2010 ** $51,305,910
2011 ** $64,613,207
2012 ** $29,630,048

1995-2010**$1,728,680,508
  • Deficiency Payments
  • Direct Payments (2003-2008) and Production Flexibility Contracts (1996-2002)
  • Estimated Direct Payments** (2009-2012)
  • Crop Insurance Premium Subsidies
  • Price Support Payments (Loan Deficiency, Marketing Loan Gains, and Certificates)
  • Counter-Cyclical Programs
  • Market Loss Assistance
  • Other Wheat Programs

Programs included in wheat subsidies**

Program Total Payments
1995-2012
Production Flexibility - Wheat$510,744,288
Direct Payment - Wheat$380,013,000
Market Loss Assistance - Wheat$253,840,335
Crop Ins. Premium Subsidy - Wheat$198,216,921
Loan Deficiency - Wheat$144,834,369
Estimated Direct Payments 2009-2010** - Wheat $62,207,701
Advance Deficiency - Wheat$37,173,837
Market Gains Warehouse - Wheat$10,102,040
Market Gains Farm - Wheat$7,635,160
Hard Winter Wheat Incentive Payment$1,049,345
Commodity Certificates - Wheat$523,742
Counter Cyclical Payment - Wheat$33,301
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-27,066
Prod. Flex. Refund - Wheat$-31,453
Loan Def. Refund - Wheat$-276,984
Deficiency - Wheat$-35,042,248
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.