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The United States Summary Information

Crop Insurance is becoming more important to farmers than Direct Payments
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
  • $292.5 billion in subsidies 1995-2012.
  • $177.6 billion in commodity subsidies.
  • $53.6 billion in crop insurance subsidies.
  • $38.9 billion in conservation subsidies.
  • $22.5 billion in disaster subsidies.
  • 62 percent of farms in United States did not collect subsidy payments - according to USDA.
  • Ten percent collected 75 percent of all subsidies.
  • Amounting to $178.5 billion over 18 years.
  • Top 10%: $32,043 average per year between 1995 and 2012.
  • Bottom 80%: $604 average per year between 1995 and 2012.

Top programs in the United States, 2005:

Rank Program
(click for top recipients, payment concentration and regional rankings)
Number of Recipients
2005
Subsidy Total
2005
1 Corn Subsidies**
 896,651   $10,138,944,101
2 Cotton Subsidies**
 139,550   $3,696,295,927
3 Disaster Payments
 358,881   $3,073,941,281
4 Conservation Reserve Program
 442,557   $1,822,527,856
5 Wheat Subsidies**
 688,210   $1,461,278,290
6 Soybean Subsidies**
 621,490   $1,079,888,887
7 Rice Subsidies**
 39,735   $548,325,518
8 Sorghum Subsidies**
 302,772   $541,985,729
9 Env. Quality Incentive Program
 55,319   $440,597,218
10 Peanut Subsidies
 23,964   $311,177,494
11 Livestock Subsidies
 76,357   $266,770,808
12 Barley Subsidies**
 158,042   $192,060,448
13 Wetlands Reserve Program
 1,159   $79,383,613
14 Sunflower Subsidies**
 32,321   $43,801,466
15 Dry Pea Subsidies
 5,120   $33,527,758
16 Canola Subsidies**
 11,457   $32,210,362
17 Dairy Program Subsidies
 52,454   $16,786,408
18 Sheep Meat Subsidies
 16,366   $15,064,851
19 Fish Subsidies
 2,992   $13,574,534
20 Oat Subsidies**
 200,192   $7,153,447
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.