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The United States Summary Information

Crop Insurance is becoming more important to farmers than Direct Payments
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
  • $292.5 billion in subsidies 1995-2012.
  • $177.6 billion in commodity subsidies.
  • $53.6 billion in crop insurance subsidies.
  • $38.9 billion in conservation subsidies.
  • $22.5 billion in disaster subsidies.
  • 62 percent of farms in United States did not collect subsidy payments - according to USDA.
  • Ten percent collected 75 percent of all subsidies.
  • Amounting to $178.5 billion over 18 years.
  • Top 10%: $32,043 average per year between 1995 and 2012.
  • Bottom 80%: $604 average per year between 1995 and 2012.

Top programs in the United States, 2009:

Rank Program
(click for top recipients, payment concentration and regional rankings)
Number of Recipients
2009
Subsidy Total
2009
1 Corn Subsidies**
 12,261**   $3,778,965,048
2 Cotton Subsidies**
 118,593**   $2,213,782,337
3 Wheat Subsidies**
 13,849**   $2,127,034,045
4 Conservation Reserve Program
 448,381   $1,865,345,018
5 Soybean Subsidies**
 8,031**   $1,672,746,822
6 Dairy Program Subsidies
 50,854**   $1,147,694,515
7 Env. Quality Incentive Program
 69,893   $666,642,489
8 Rice Subsidies**
 885**   $394,387,845
9 Sorghum Subsidies**
 4,294**   $251,848,987
10 Disaster Payments
 38,164   $245,990,134
11 Tobacco Subsidies
 59,575**   $202,894,480
12 Livestock Subsidies
 24,993**   $168,316,963
13 Barley Subsidies**
 4,582**   $100,278,569
14 Peanut Subsidies
 1,980**   $95,215,097
15 Wetlands Reserve Program
 1,049   $62,517,375
16 Sunflower Subsidies**
 360**   $53,255,485
17 Canola Subsidies**
 55**   $21,349,797
18 Oat Subsidies**
 2,016**   $8,191,716
19 Wool Subsidies
 9,527**   $6,493,344
20 Flax Subsidies**
 34**   $5,441,034
** Crop totals are an estimate. In the data received by EWG for 2009-2011, USDA does not differentiate Direct Payments or Counter-Cyclical Payments by crop as in previous years. EWG allocated the region's Direct Payments by crop for the 2009-2011 calendar year using the proportion of that crop's Direct Payments in 2008. Number of recipients receiving Direct Payments for that crop were not estimated. Due to the way Counter Cyclical Payments are made - EWG was not able to allocate Counter Cyclical Payments to crops. Also included in the crop totals are the crop insurance premiums as reported by the USDA Risk Management Agency for that crop. The crop insurance premium is the amount of money that is calculated by USDA to make the program actuarially sound. Crop insurance premium subsidies are available at the county, state and national level.