Crop Insurance

The United States

Background Information

Total Costs

Indemnities

Administrative and Operating Expense Reimbursements

Premium Subsidy

Farmer Premiums

Total Costs (see methodology)
CropTotal Costs (see methodology)
1995-2018
Policies
Corn$29,999,655,64112,175,073
Wheat$14,459,839,6967,655,897
Cotton$11,442,929,3232,091,767
Soybeans$10,887,339,15011,380,416
Grain Sorghum$2,299,504,2843,796,107
Miscellaneous Crops$1,676,870,527477,403
Flue Cured Tobacco$1,526,816,426218,017
Pasture, Rangeland, Forage$1,112,305,244225,860
Sunflowers$1,057,565,0941,459,298
Rice$1,044,969,217409,280
Peanuts$961,645,671511,132
Apples$869,641,97574,628
Burley Tobacco$829,104,942336,813
Dry Beans$672,439,291639,070
Potatoes$641,891,211107,946
Barley$640,602,8601,420,382
Nursery (FG&C)$597,382,60036,030
Canola$590,899,737390,791
Forage Production$496,427,304493,849
Sugar Beets$456,026,161308,962
Cotton Ex Long Staple$423,824,54030,687
Dry Peas$396,297,165301,933
Cherries$384,590,57435,765
Onions$373,917,20328,183
Grapes$323,202,302144,064
Almonds$281,436,30583,800
Whole Farm Revenue Protection$261,865,3616,375
Fresh Market Tomatoes$219,119,32711,464
Prunes$212,784,13318,720
Pistachios$201,866,3303,691
Tobacco$168,903,059235,148
Peaches$159,337,99617,952
Adjusted Gross Revenue$142,512,3687,186
Navel Oranges$127,325,55131,193
Hybrid Corn Seed$125,809,085173,776
Pecans$119,038,81921,004
Orange Trees$118,222,55851,052
Oats$107,351,3761,289,842
Blueberries$105,786,91613,173
Table Grapes$101,187,92812,208
Green Peas$96,439,158110,078
Rangeland$94,612,52824,642
Annual Forage$87,228,18714,065
Cigar Binder Tobacco$84,258,9458,982
Flax$83,886,073369,402
Tomatoes$78,116,98531,437
Avocados$74,600,94421,674
Peppers$70,911,5752,734
Citrus VII$66,598,13114,956
Oranges$63,985,64719,907
Millet$62,231,712204,129
Forage Seeding$61,973,360243,187
Popcorn$60,860,628103,139
Valencia Oranges$56,315,71320,386
Apiculture$54,749,9907,056
Fire Cured Tobacco$51,470,57529,331
Sweetpotatoes$51,337,7964,154
Sweet Corn$47,366,32499,804
Citrus II$46,029,39325,287
Watermelons$45,944,477505
Processing Beans$45,404,65141,041
Sugarcane$44,308,34124,476
Alfalfa Seed$40,061,1712,607
Citrus I$33,318,02731,933
Nursery (container)$31,115,2197,061
Grapefruit$29,398,2205,715
Fresh Market Sweet Corn$27,668,03012,591
Mandarins$26,445,9732,599
Fresh Market Beans$26,250,4181,342
Olives$25,916,2983,288
Adjusted Gross Revenue-lite$24,999,9693,017
Silage Sorghum$24,948,96065,765
Grapefruit Trees$24,851,29214,130
Lemons$23,550,72613,880
Plums$23,098,69810,771
Clams$22,730,5544,336
Cranberries$21,968,07512,516
Cigar Wrapper Tobacco$21,913,844490
Hybrid Sorghum Seed$21,241,08252,176
Cabbage$20,577,7044,267
Dark Air Tobacco$20,261,21419,168
Safflower$19,935,26781,460
Walnuts$16,802,73128,044
Pears$16,438,96718,743
Mustard$15,649,48244,694
Citrus V$15,580,4945,504
Fresh Nectarines$14,379,7869,886
Fresh Apricots$14,048,3013,289
Strawberries$13,575,2072,002
Processing Cling Peaches$12,416,1378,512
Citrus$12,148,60914,043
Mandarines/Tangerines$11,668,8963,273
Processing Apricots$10,719,8071,449
Macadamia Nuts$9,737,181637
Citrus IV$9,342,35112,012
Stonefruit$9,202,5452,476
Processing Cucumbers$9,079,8781,681
Fresh Freestone Peaches$8,234,7619,801
Fresh Plum$8,092,3432,529
Sesame$7,759,54434,858
Mint$6,405,2241,922
All Other Citrus Trees$6,347,69412,681
Avocado Trees$6,251,3553,965
Rio Red & Star Ruby$6,040,3635,961
Cultivated Wild Rice$6,038,8051,128
citc_0080$5,826,980216
Minneola Tangelos$5,790,3552,551
Lime Trees$5,733,684427
Pumpkins$5,203,2891,915
Rye$4,781,95817,750
Cucumbers$4,659,573996
Tangors$3,760,673894
Clary Sage$3,010,438318
Figs$2,481,7741,036
Sweet Potatoes$2,462,619250
Coffee$1,993,790661
GRP Corn$1,826,96910,251
Winter Squash$1,095,5561,090
Chile Peppers$1,073,623892
Buckwheat$1,010,2953,186
Tangelos$969,5471,671
Grass Seed$967,0431,021
Processing Freestone$906,1171,867
Early & Midseason Oranges$867,9254,353
Lemons$683,77465
GRP Forage Production$410,9367,381
Lemon Trees$401,7938
Income Protection Wheat$346,604476
Papaya$345,48868
GRP Soybeans$312,1366,311
Sweet Oranges$273,841676
Maryland Tobacco$212,873419
Mango Trees$208,473640
Citrus III$175,7811,210
Orlando Tangelos$131,235116
Ruby Red Grapefruit$129,1481,882
Papaya Tree$123,73884
Raspberry And Blackberry$119,808148
Income Protection Cotton$74,28783
Carambola Trees$59,654296
Crambe$52,6222,177
citc_0158$51,883532
Grp Wheat$48,367118
Cigar Filler Tobacco$15,506417
Banana$14,20132
Kinnow Mandarins$11,14513
All Other Grapefruit$5,91657
GRP Cotton$-8794
Camelina$-1,681241
GRP Grain Sorghum$-3,84910
Citrus Trees III$-9,188110
Tangerine Trees$-21,72658
GRP Peanuts$-25,36810
citc_0093$-51,44834
Coffee Tree$-62,373248
Late Oranges$-89,6781,066
Citrus VIII$-129,9591,361
Income Protection Corn$-309,8881,059
Citrus Trees II$-538,0821,073
Citrus Trees V$-1,694,2691,957
Macadamia Trees$-1,875,018726
Citrus Trees I$-2,703,9974,650
Citrus Trees$-2,743,0812,106
Revenue Coverage Soybeans$-3,358,22939,282
Revenue Coverage Corn$-6,261,97553,085
Citrus Trees IV$-6,479,8085,914
Raisins$-24,531,05146,704
1995-2018$88,810,817,46148,958,763

METHODOLOGY: EWG obtained county level crop insurance information from USDA Risk Management Agency which shows premium subsidies, indemnities and farmer premiums at the county/crop level by crop year. Administrative and Operating Expense Reimbursements to crop insurance companies (A+O), Other program fund costs, Other administrative and operating fund costs expenses, and Government earned interest were allocated to the crop/county level by using the national expenditures/revenue of the Crop Insurance program (available here for 2008-2017 and from RMA previous to 2008) in each category and attributing them the crop/county level by total premiums. EWG was unable to attribute underwriting gains to the county/crop level. Underwriting gains (or losses) are paid to insurance companies when the insurance companies collect more in total subsidies than are paid out in indemnities. Since underwriting gains are paid by company on the basis of all of their policies, EWG was unable to allocate underwriting gains by crop or by region. The total underwriting gains for 1995-2018 is $14.6 billion.

 

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